India Benchmark Case Study
The Indian experience with 4IR technologies provides some valuable lessons for African decision-makers. Investments in training and in basic ICT infrastructure combined with funding of pilot projects demonstrating the benefits of 4IR technologies are essential to allow for the take-up of advanced technologies. Reliable electricity supply is crucial, too. Governmental and private initiatives can positively reinforce each other, e.g. regarding financing of large projects. A political and regulatory environment conducive to investment can help to propel development and application of modern digital technologies forward. The Indian experience is interesting to benchmark in terms of how to use smart grids to improve energy efficiency and make better use of existing infrastructure. However, it also shows that there is great risk for deepening the gap between those who have access to technology and those who do not. Finally, issues regarding privacy and ethics should be taken into account when using personal data e.g. pertaining to an individual’s health or education.